Holy Month of Ramazan



Ramadan (also known as Ramadhan or Ramzan) is the ninth month in the Islamic Calendar. It is a period of prayer, fasting, charity-giving and self-accountability for Muslims. The first verses of the Koran were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during the last third of Ramadan, making this an especially holy period. The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramida or ar-ramad which means scorching heat or dryness.


Throughout the world, the Muslim community has much enthusiasm to observe this Holy Month which holds a lot of importance. A month long fast is observed which involves fasting, devotion to Allah and charity by people of Islamic Community. Fasting is obligatory for adult Muslims, except for those who are suffering from illness, traveling, elderly, pregnant or menstruating.


Ramazan is dependent on sighting of the New Moon, which is the reason why its onset might vary from country to country. It is a time for introspection, and abstinence from food, water and sex. This is to teach one-self the power of self-control and devotion to the Almighty God. Although it might seem too difficult to fast for a month, people celebrate this month with full devotion. They shorten their work hours to accommodate the prayer sessions. This period of self-reflection really helps a person to realize the true value of a being, and how we should respect others. It refrains them from sinful behaviour like false speech, insulting, cursing etc. It is a month when members practice self-discipline, where they believe that the Gates of Heaven (Paradise) are opened and the Gates of Hell are locked up.


Sehri marks the onset of the Ramazan rituals that last from dawn to dusk. The pre-dawn meal before the fast is called the suhur, while the meal at sunset that breaks the fast is the iftar. In addition to fasting, Muslims are encouraged to read the entire Quran. Some Muslims perform the recitation of the entire Quran by means of special prayers called Tarawih. These prayers are held in mosques every night of the month. In some countries, lights are hung up on streets to add to the festivities. Alcohol is banned during the period of Ramazan. Generous giving to the poor is an important observance during this time. A fixed percentage of a person’s savings are required to be given to the poor.


The end of Ramadan is marked with great pomp and show and celebration in the Muslim Community. Feasts are prepared and the happiness and joy that it spreads throughout the world is really beautiful thing to experience and share with your friends and family.